Asociaciones Agroindustriales Serranas
is dedicated to the production of coffee plants, allspice and cacao plants in nurseries, where a way to increase the quality and yield of crops with ‘ever’ evolving varieties is sought.
The vegetative material is being managed by grafting with a robust pattern of the Maya variety and grafting of the varieties resistant to Roya, as they are; Costa Rica, Sarchimor, Oro Azteca, Marsellesa and Colombia. The management that is given to them in nursery is for 9 months with a balanced nutrition preparing it for its transplant to the farms of the producers.
A selection is made in the facilities of the company, by observing the parent trees with higher productive load and resistance to diseases for the collection of seeds for the plant production process in the nursery. They stay in the nursery for 18 months, where they are given a conventional management with adequate nutrition and preventive phytosanitary methods.
The propagation that is carried out by Asociaciones Agroindustriales Serranas is by grafting, where a selection of productive tree trunks is made of greater resistance to diseases in the facilities of the company. The plant with beneficial characteristics for production is identified. Carmelo C1 (white almond), consists of placing a bud of 1.5 to 2.5 centimetres in length, in four-month-old plants. With a rapid growth the new shoot is obtained in three weeks after the operation and the plastic is removed. Hence, there are three more months for the development of the graft to be ready to go out into the field with proper planning. Obtaining the plants in rainy seasons is important, as this will reduce the loss at the time of transplant.